Suzuki’s Indian flagship is beset by labour unrest. Problems at the Japanese carmaker’s Haryana plant also echo squabbles at Tata Motors in West Bengal. But an enterprising Gujarat may come to Suzuki’s rescue as it did for Tata.
Suzuki’s Indian venture should be a source of pride. The Japanese automaker was the first foreign player to make an impact through its 1981 joint venture with government-owned Maruti. Suzuki now owns over 50 percent of the equity, with the government having sold its entire stake in 2007. And the company is the nation’s market leader with its India-listed business valued at close to $6 billion. But it has been dogged by labour disputes.
This week a riot at its Haryana factory saw a personnel manager die and around 100 employees, including two Japanese nationals, injured. And the horrific episode is not a one-off. Labour unrest cost the company more than $500 million in lost production in 2011.
India can ill afford its automotive sector to slump. It’s one of the few success stories in Indian manufacturing. With no caps on foreign direct investment, new entrants have spurred competition and exports already make up 15 percent of output.
The problems for Suzuki have some parallels with a Tata Motors saga of 2008. Two years of agitation by farmers over land compensation halted production at the original plant in West Bengal, and was only resolved when Gujarat’s Chief Minister Narendra Modi famously convinced Ratan Tata to shift the factory to his state. Modi is now on a similar mission with Suzuki. He flies to Tokyo this weekend in an effort to get then to shift production to Gujarat.
Such competition between states is useful. It can help to keep in check the political forces which tend to make some sectors uncompetitive. And it may be just the fix Suzuki needs. But there is risk that it will further fuel inequality between India’s industrial hubs and its under-developed hinterlands.