Procter & Gamble may soon attract the eye of another pushy investor. Hedge fund boss Bill Ackman persuaded the $210 billion Tide-to-Charmin consumer giant to oust its chief executive and bring back former boss A.G. Lafley in 2013 – then sold his shares within a year. Lafley’s encore has delivered limited success, however. With P&G’s sales stagnant and shares underperforming, a different activist might be tempted to have a go.
Lafley, who led P&G to a 93 percent total return during his first stint as CEO in the 2000s, outperforming the S&P 500 Index, has hardly been standing still since he took back the helm from Robert McDonald two years ago. He has pushed on with a $10 billion cost-cutting drive and is shaking up the company’s sprawling portfolio by ditching dozens of smaller brands to leave a core of about 65 bigger, more profitable product lines.
P&G has exited pet food and agreed to offload its Duracell battery business to Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway. Consumer rivals Henkel and Coty on Monday submitted bids for the group’s shampoo and cosmetics businesses worth up to a combined $12 billion, according to Reuters.
These are all sensible steps, but P&G’s shares have made a negative total return, including reinvested dividends, since Lafley announced the brand cull last August, lagging both the S&P 500’s 10 percent total return and competitors like Clorox and Colgate-Palmolive. The strong dollar has made it harder to hit targets. But underlying sales grew just 1 percent in the three months ended in March with currency stripped out.
That is bringing calls for more aggressive change. Last month analysts at Bernstein published a report arguing that the board should consider a breakup, essentially saying that P&G has become too big to manage. They think splitting it into two or three smaller but still-substantial pieces could add up to 18 percent to the group’s current enterprise value.
Ackman’s 2012 tilt showed that even a company the size of P&G could be swayed by bold shareholders, who increasingly enjoy the support of big institutional investors. Lafley may be nearing his second retirement, something the Wall Street Journal has reported might happen as early as this summer. That could open the door for another ambitious rabble-rouser to pounce.