SpiceJet’s woes are all too familiar. India is cajoling banks to lend to the country’s second largest single-brand carrier when the debt-ridden airline needs more equity. The government’s hope is to save jobs and prevent a repeat of the embarrassing high-profile failure of Kingfisher Airlines which was grounded in 2012. Even if the rescue works, exorbitant fuel taxes and the lack of a bankruptcy law will keep the industry stuck in an air pocket.
The government is doing what it can to keep SpiceJet flying without directly putting taxpayers on the hook. The civil aviation ministry said on Dec. 16 that it may “request” banks to lend up to $94 million to the carrier in loans guaranteed by the company’s chairman, Kalanithi Maran. Together with related parties, the tycoon owns 58 percent of the struggling airline. State oil companies and airport operators are also being asked to play a part by extending credit or giving SpiceJet longer to make payments.
Finding an outside investor at this late stage may depend on Maran’s willingness to put his own money to work. Swapping debt into equity would make more sense. Even after efforts to trim costs, the carrier made a net loss of $49 million in the quarter that ended Sept. 30 and its net debt is almost five times as large. Losses may be worse in the current quarter after the airline regulator banned SpiceJet from taking advance orders beyond 30 days – a restriction which the government now wants to relax.
Struggling airlines are not unique to India, but there are significant unfavourable local factors. Sales taxes on aviation turbine fuel vary from state to state but currently average around 24 percent, according to consultancy CAPA. That’s a major burden. The lack of a comprehensive bankruptcy law also means there is no market-based solution when companies get into financial trouble. Local airlines can’t copy their peers in the U.S. and elsewhere by seeking bankruptcy protection.
An air pocket is the result. SpiceJet could arguably have been better managed but the government-led rescue is no fix for India’s aviation woes.