High and dry
When the blind lead the blind, there’s little confidence in the direction of travel. Something of the sort is going on in global markets. Central bankers are giving out unclear directions and investors are wondering just where they should go.
Take asset managers’ response to bad economic news. In the past, they responded to anything that pointed to economic weakness as a buying signal for riskier assets. Investors reasoned that the news meant loose or even looser monetary policy, and that this easy money did asset prices more good than a weak economy did them harm. Conversely, signs of improving activity were mostly a trigger for stock market declines.
But investors are increasingly capricious. The U.S. S&P 500 index did not rise on Sept. 17, when the U.S. Federal Reserve left policy interest rates unchanged. It fell that day and for six of the next seven trading sessions. An unexpectedly weak U.S. jobs report on Oct. 2 led first to a sharp fall and then to an even greater rise. The S&P closed up 1.4 percent on the day. Since then, the market has risen on generally weak economic news, aside from a dip when two Fed board members suggested rates should not rise in 2015.
One reason for rapidly shifting sentiment is that the markets have lost confidence in the ability of Janet Yellen, the Fed chair, to give them clear directions. The central bank’s sensitivity to market gyrations – one of the concerns Yellen mentioned in her post-decision press conference – leads investors to fear that she is following rather than leading. The dissent on the board only reinforces their doubts.
But even a unified Fed might not bring much confidence. Investors are losing faith in the potency of monetary policy to overcome slowing Chinese economic activity or generate much inflation. Little wonder that market inflation expectations have fallen in much of the world, even though there is growing speculation that the European Central Bank may be forced to ease policy further.
The market is likely to continue meandering. Vacillating and impotent central bankers make for erratic investors.